English (United Kingdom)French (Fr)Russian (CIS)Espa
Home Library Tutorials Neurohacking Tutorial 9 - Emotional Stability & Unconscious Mind - Notes, References and Answers
Neurohacking Tutorial 9 - Emotional Stability & Unconscious Mind - Notes, References and Answers PDF Imprimir Correo electrónico
Valoración de los usuarios: / 268
PobreEl mejor 
Neurohacking - Tutorials
Escrito por NHA   
Viernes 20 de Julio de 2012 21:37
Índice de Artículos
Neurohacking Tutorial 9 - Emotional Stability & Unconscious Mind
Structure, Function and Behavior
From Automation to Autonomy
What Happens If Things Go Wrong?
The Unconscious Mind
NHA Guide To Methods and Technology
Getting Into The Garden
The Most Important Bits to Remember
Hacks and Exercices
Notes, References and Answers
Todas las páginas

 

Footnotes, Refs & Answers

[1] Toshiyuki Nakagaki; "Japan scientists hope slime holds intelligence key." December 28th, 2011. http://www.physorg.com/news/2011-12-japan-scientists-slime-intelligence-key.html

slime mold fun:

www.youtube.com/watch?v=F3z_mdaQ5ac&feature=related

www.youtube.com/watch?v=BZUQQmcR5-g

[2] Professor Zafar Bashir, Dr Clea Warburton and Dr Douglas Caruana, "Study provides potential explanation for mechanisms of associative memory." December 13th, 2011. http://medicalxpress.com/news/2011-12-potential-explanation-mechanisms-associative-memory.html

[3] Dr D'Armond Speers; http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-chat/2391707/posts

[4] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quorum_sensing

[5] Joseph E. LeDoux (2008), Scholarpedia, 3(4):2698. doi:10.4249/scholarpedia.2698

[6] http://www.poemhunter.com/poem/the-king-s-breakfast/

[7] Provided by Association for Psychological Science; "The Amygdala and fear are not the same thing." January 27th, 2012. http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-01-Amygdala.html

[8] Source: Nature Neuroscience
http://www.nature.com/neuro/journal/v15/n1/abs/nn.2983.html?lang=en?WT.ec_id=NEURO-201201

[9] De Grasse Tyson, N., Liu, C., & Irion, R. 2000. One Universe: At home in the cosmos. p.8–9. Joseph Henry Press. ISBN 0-309-06488-0 ]

10. [Louis Sander and William Condon (1974)]

11. [Sperry 1939 p295]

12. (Lamark, 1809; Darwin 1872; von Holst, 1936; Tinbergen, 1951)

13. (Whitehead, 1926/1953).

14. (Packard, 2006).

15. (Bernstein, 1967)

16. (von Holst and Mittelstaedt, 1950; Merker, 2005)

17. (Lee, 1978; Gibson, 1979)

18. (Panksepp, 1998; Gallagher, 2008).

19. (Porges, 1997).

20. (MacLean, 1990).

21. (Turner and Bruner, 1986).

22. (Dissanayake, 2000).

23. (Condon and Sander, 1974; Trevarthen et al, 2009).

24. (Trevarthen, 1999)

25. (Stern, 1985, 1999).

26. (Stern, 1985, 1999; Stern et al., 1985; Trevarthen, 1986)

27. (Bernstein, 1967)

28. (Lee, 2005; Lee and Schögler, 2009).

29. "The Intersubjective Newborn", Infant and Child Development, Special Issue, 2010 http://www.psych.uw.edu.pl/lasc/Trevarthen2.pdf

further reading:

Colwyn Trevarthen: What Is It Like To Be a Person Who Knows Nothing? -Defining the Active Intersubjective Mind of a Newborn Human Being.

Willett Kempton: The Rhythmic Basis of Interactional Microsynchrony

William S Condon: The Relation of Interactional Synchrony to Cognitive and Emotional Processes

30. Darwin, C "The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals", 1872

31. Ekman & Friesen, 1986, 1988

32. Mackintosh, B. "Emotion", from "Emotions and Mind", Open University Press, ISBN: 0 7492 6628 7, 2004.

33. Damasio, A. as quoted in: "Emotions and Mind", Open University Press, pp67-68; ISBN: 0 7492 6628 7, 2004.

34. "autonomic nervous system" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary

35. "Nitric oxide is the endogenous neurotransmitter of bronchodilator nerves in humans Maria G. Belvisi, C. David Stretton, Magdi Yacouba, Peter J. Barnes"

36. http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0036096#pone.0036096-Murlis1

37. http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=12896

38. Pantages E, Dulac C (2000). "A novel family of candidate pheromone receptors in mammals". Neuron 28 (3): 835–845.

39. Karl Grammer (2005). "Human pheromones and sexual attraction". European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 118 (2): 135-142.

40. http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=pheromones-sex-lives

41. Pantages E, Dulac C (2000). "A novel family of candidate pheromone receptors in mammals". Neuron 28 (3): 835–845.

42. Yong-Yeol Ahn, Hawoong Jeong, and Beom Jun Kim. "Wiring cost in the organization of a biological neuronal network". PhysicaA: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 367:531–537, July 2006.

ALSO

B.L.Chen, D.H.Hall, and D.B.Chklovskii."Wiring optimization can relate neuronal structure and function". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 103(12): 4723, 2006.

Christopher Cherniak, Zekeria Mokhtarzada, Raul Rodriguez-Esteban, and Kelly Changizi. Global optimization of cerebral cortex layout. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 101(4):1081–6, January 2004.

G.F.Striedter. "Principles of brain evolution". SinauerAssociates Sunderland, MA, 2005.

43. Jeff Clune, Jean-Baptiste Mouret and Hod Lipson "The evolutionary origins of modularity", http://arxiv.org/pdf/1207.2743v1.pdf 11 July 2012]

44. Massimo Pigliucci. "Is evolvability evolvable?" Nature reviews. Genetics,9(1):75–82, January 2008.

45. Marco Turi and David Burr, "Spatiotopic perceptual maps in humans: evidence from motion adaptation", The Royal Society  http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/early/2012/04/22/rspb.2012.0637.abstract?papetoc

46. http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/3894/12/12_chapter%202.pdf

47. Craddock TJA, Tuszynski JA, Hameroff S (2012) "Cytoskeletal signaling: Is memory encoded in microtubule lattices by CaMKII phosphorylation?" PLoS Computational Biology, doi10.1371/journal.pcbi.100242

"Cracking brain memory code." March 9th, 2012. http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-03-brain-memory-code.html

48. Pearson H (2006). "Mouse data hint at human pheromones". Nature 442 (7102): 495.

49. Wedeen VJ, Rosene DL, Ruopeng W, Guangping D, Mortazavi F, Hagmann P, Kass JH, Tseng W-YI. "The Geometric Structure of the Brain Fiber Pathways: A Continuous Orthogonal Grid." March 30, 2012 Science.

"Brain wiring a no-brainer? Scans reveal astonishingly simple 3D grid structure." March 29th, 2012. http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-03-brain-wiring-no-brainer-scans-reveal.html

50. Maria Neimark Geffen et al; "Brain encodes complex plumes of odors with a simple code" Neuron February 26 2009. http://www.physorg.com/news154787258.html

51. Hassabis, D. et al. "Decoding neuronal ensembles in the human Hippocampus". Current Biology, 12 March 2009. http://www.physorg.com/news156084067.html

52. Mark Shein, Prof. Yael Hanein, Prof. Eshel Ben-Jacob; "Researchers connect neurons to computers to decipher the enigmatic code of neuronal circuits." July 12th, 2011. http://medicalxpress.com/news/2011-07-neurons-decipher-enigmatic-code-neuronal.html

53. Professor James Haxby, Swaroop Guntupalli, "A common, high-dimensional model of the neural representational space in human ventral temporal cortex" Neuron, October 20, 2011.

54. refs "Neuroscientists unlock shared brain codes." October 20th, 2011. http://medicalxpress.com/news/2011-10-neuroscientists-brain-codes.html

55. In cases where the hemispheric processing tasks are naturally reversed, which happens sometimes just as do reverse-symmetry organs, the inner model is also reversed. We are working with the 'majority of brains' model, and there is no reason for concern if your brain is one of those that does things the other way round.

56. Hasher L, Zacks RT (December 1984). "Automatic processing of fundamental information: the case of frequency of occurrence". Am Psychol 39 (12): 1372–88. DOI:10.1037/0003-066X.39.12.1372. PMID 6395744.

57. Connolly, Deborah Ann (1993). A developmental evaluation of frequency information in lists, scripts, and stories (M.A. thesis) Wilfrid Laurier University

58. Manfred Milinski (2001). "Evidence for MHC-correlated perfume preferences in humans". Behavioral Ecology 12 (2): 140-149.

59. Claus Wedekind (1995). "MHC-Dependent Mate Preferences in Humans". Proceedings: Biological Sciences 260 (1359): 245-249.

60. Smith, A. "The Olfactory Process and its Effect on Human Behavior", 2008 http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/exchange/node/1815

61. Marcus du Sautoy, "The Story of Maths" BBC TV 2011

62. "The Goldilocks effect: Babies learn from experiences that are 'just right'." Psychology & Psychiatry May 23rd, 2012. http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-05-goldilocks-effect-babies.html

63. Xu et al. 2003

64. To be scientifically honest, none of us has ever actually tried replacing missing neurons with bee excreta.

65. www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=do-scents-affect-peoples&page=2

66. http://rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/4/5/446.full

67. Toates, F, 2004, "Motivation", Open University Press 2004, ISBN 0 7492 6628 7

68. Rogers, Carl (1961). On becoming a person: A therapist's view of psychotherapy. London: Constable. ISBN 1-84529-057-7.

69. Duncan-Johnson, C.C.; Donchin, E. (1977). "On quantifying surprise: The variation of event-related potentials with subjective probability". Psychophysiology 14: 456–467.

ALSO Pineda, J.A., Shafer, K., & Belamonte, M. "Noradrinergic modulation of auditory and visual P300 in parietal-temporal cortex". Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 19, 1607. (1993).

70. Yu, A. J.; Dayan, P. (2005). "Uncertainty, neuromodulation, and attention". Neuron 46 (4): 681–92. DOI:10.1016/j.neuron.2005.04.026. PMID 15944135.

71. Usher, M.; Cohen, J. D.; Servan-Schreiber, D.; Rajkowski, J.; Aston-Jones, G. (1999). "The role of locus coeruleus in the regulation of cognitive performance". Science 283 (5401): 549–54.

72. Jones, BE (2005). "From waking to sleeping: neuronal and chemical substrates". Trends in pharmacological sciences 26 (11): 578–86. DOI:10.1016/j.tips.2005.09.009. PMID 16183137.

73. Himmelheber, AM; Sarter, M; Bruno, JP (2000). "Increases in cortical acetylcholine release during sustained attention performance in rats". Brain research. Cognitive brain research 9 (3): 313–25. DOI:10.1016/S0926-6410(00)00012-4. PMID 10808142.

74. Spehlmann R, Daniels JC, Smathers CC (1971). "Acetylcholine and the synaptic transmission of specific impulses to the visual cortex". Brain 94 (1): 125–38.

75. Yip J, Chahl LA (April 2001). "Localization of NK1 and NK3 receptors in guinea-pig brain". Regulatory peptides 98 (1-2): 55–62. DOI:10.1016/S0167-0115(00)00228-7.

76. Jessica Tracy and Claire Ashton-James, "Pride and prejudice: Pride impacts racism and homophobia." Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, April 12th, 2012. http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-04-pride-prejudice-impacts-racism-homophobia.html

Psychology & Psychiatry; "Pride and Prejudice: Feelings about the self influence feelings about others" http://psp.sagepub … ent/38/4/466

77. "Psychologists reveal how emotion can shut down high-level mental processes without our knowledge." May 8th, 2012. http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-05-psychologists-reveal-emotion-high-level-mental.html

78. J Clin Psychiatry 2001;62(Suppl. 11):22–27

79. "Suspicion resides in two regions of the brain." May 17th, 2012. http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-05-suspicion-resides-regions-brain.html

80. Chilton-Pearce, J. "Magical Child"; ISBN 0-525-15035-8 http://www.kindredcommunity.com/articles/the-magical-child-an-excerpt/p/1115

Liedloff, J. "The Continum Concept" http://www.continuum-concept.org/home.html

81. Mara Mather, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 12 MAR 2012
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2012.06471.x/abstract

82. Letzkus JJ, Wolff SBE, Meyer EMM, Tovote P, Courtin J, Herry C, Lüthi A. "From stimulus to emotion: A role for cortex in emotional learning." December 8th, 2011. http://medicalxpress.com/news/2011-12-stimulus-emotion-role-cortex-emotional.html

Also: "A disinhibitory microcircuit for associative fear learning in auditory cortex". (2011) Nature, DOI: 10.1038/nature10674

83. http://www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/339860/title/Why_emotions_are_attention-getters

84. http://news.sciencemag.org/sciencenow/2012/02/video-the-secret-of-schreckstoff.html?ref=hp Video: The Secret of Schreckstoff

85. Ackerl, K., Atzmueller, M. and Grammer, K. (2002) The scent of fear. Neuroendocrinology Letters 23, 79-84.

86. Science News August 29, 2011 ; Science Daily August 30, 2011

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences August 29, 2011 [Epub ahead of print]

87. Journal of Applied Physiology June 2010 vol. 108 no. 6 1487-1496 ; Cell Metabolism March 7, 2012: 15(3);405-411 ; Science Translational Medicine May 26, 2010; 2(33):33ra37

88. Paul Ekman, PhD; Alan Wallace Margaret Kemeny, PhD, "Om: Meditation a big help for emotional issues." March 28th, 2012. http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-03-om-meditation-big-emotional-issues.html

89. "Zen meditation and access to information in the unconscious", Consciousness and Cognition, In Press, http://dx.doi.org/ … .2012.02.010 ALSO "Psychologists find meditation increases awareness of subliminal messages." June 8th, 2012. http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-06-psychologists-meditation-awareness-subliminal-messages.html

90. Yi-Yuan Tang and Michael Posner; “Mechanisms of white matter changes induced by meditation,” by Yi-Yuan Tang et al., PNAS, 2012. ALSO "Chinese mindfulness meditation prompts double positive punch in brain white matter." June 11th, 2012. http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-06-chinese-meditation-ibmt-prompts-positive.html

91. Daniel T. Blumstein, Gregory A. Bryant, and Peter Kaye; Source: The Royal Society
http://rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/early/2012/06/07/rsbl.2012.0374.abstract?papetoc

92. http://www.bmedreport.com/archives/category/therapy/electrotherapy

93. http://neuroskeptic.blogspot.co.uk/2010/02/more-on-deep-brain-stimulation-for-ocd.html

94. http://www.shaktitechnology.com/shiva/understanding_shiva_neural.htm

95. http://www.bmedreport.com/archives/6983

96. Shannon Bohrer MBA, FBI Academy tutor, in an article for "Police Marksman" sept/oct 2005

97. "The emotional oracle effect." February 24th, 2012. http://www.physorg.com/news/2012-02-emotional-oracle-effect.html

98. Baird, B., et al. Psych. Science. Nature, doi:10.1038/nature.2012.10678

http://www.nature.com/news/why-great-ideas-come-when-you-aren-t-trying-1.10678?WT.ec_id=NEWS-20120522

99. Broughton, 1982; Kripke & Sonneschein 1973.

100. http://www.causeof.org/brainwaves.htm

101. Foulkes, D., & Vogel, G. (1965). 'Mental activity at sleep onset'. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 70, 231–43.

ALSO Foulkes, D., & Schmidt, M. (1983). 'Temporal sequence and unit composition in dream reports from different stages of sleep'. Sleep 6, 265–80.

102. Goldstein et al. 1972; Hodoba, 1986

103. (Meyer et al. 1987).

104. (Hodoba, 1986)

105. 'Report on a method of eliciting and observing certain symbolic hallucination phenomena', in Rapaport's Organization and pathology of thought, pp. 195-207 (Columbia Univ. Press, New York 1951.).

106. Rothenberg, Albert (Autumn, 1995). "Creative Cognitive Processes in Kekulé's Discovery of the Structure of the Benzene Molecule". The American Journal of Psychology (University of Illinois Press) 108 (3): 419–438. JSTOR 1422898.

107. Barrett, Deirdre The Committee of Sleep (2001) http://www.amazon.com/dp/0812932412

108. Mavromatis, Andreas (1987). Hypnagogia: the Unique State of Consciousness Between Wakefulness and Sleep. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. p. 1. ISBN 0-7102-0282-2. p. 73.

109. Gary W. Lewandowski, Jr., "Is a bad mood contagious?" http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=is-a-bad-mood-contagious

110. William Hedgecock, Kathleen Vohs and Akshay Rao; "Reducing self-control depletion effects through enhanced sensitivity to implementation: Evidence from fMRI and behavioral studies." Will be published in January 2013

111. Mavromatis, Andreas (1987). Hypnagogia: the Unique State of Consciousness Between Wakefulness and Sleep. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. p. 1. ISBN 0-7102-0282-2.

112. "Smell the potassium: Surprising find in study of sex- and aggression-triggering vomeronasal organ." July 29th, 2012. http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-07-potassium-sex-aggression-triggering-vomeronasal.html

 

***

ANSWERS

Answer to "See which network automatically takes on a puzzle"

You build a 3D pyramid, using the plasticine or whatever to hold the sticks together. If you tried to solve this with N2, spatial manipulation and pattern-matching, you probably found you couldn't. It takes N3 and imagination to apply the concept of 3 dimensions to a 2D pattern. The initial pattern you are told to make primes your brain for thinking in 2D, and it takes practice to automatically apply lateral thinking. However, it is a skill that can be learned.


Answers to Transmitter/behavior associations

In doing these exercises you may have thought that in some cases all the transmitters are necessary at different times during different parts of the task, and you'd be right. All that's required at this level is that you get to know which main ones are involved with motivating what sort of behaviors.

(a) Self-grooming behavior : (Possibly) ACh (body) + GABA (brain); Serotonin + Cortisol

You may need to stop the bird flying around, slow it down and reduce its body and mind activity, for that you'd need GABA and (bodily) ACh. If it's already sitting still, you need to make it feel disgusted with its grubby feathers and aware that dirt is dangerous, so you need serotonin + cortisol. It is going to be grooming itself (as opposed to others), so you don't need any 'cooperation' commands. The grooming stimulus must be programmed to stop cortisol release and increase serotonin, allowing the bird to experience comfort, sensory pleasure and the relaxation response when it is comfortable and clean.

(b) nest-making behavior : NE (body & brain) + Glu (brain) + ACh (body & brain) + DA + OT

You need lots of bodily motion, so you need NE in the ANS and CNS, Glu, and DA. The birds have to spread out and hunt for building-materials (DA), then slow down and gather together their materials into a nest construct (ACh in ANS and CNS). They will need focus and duration for a timed ongoing procedure, tool use, plus cooperation and synchronized working with a mate (ACh in the CNS) and they need trust and ongoing pair-bonding with the mate to maintain motivation (OT).

(c) defending young from a predator : NE (body) + Glu (brain) + DA + Cortisol

You need NE & Glu for speed of both body and mind. You need DA & Cortisol for alarm and defensive behavior.

(d) chasing prey : NE (body) + Glu (brain) + DA + ACh

You need NE & Glu for speed of both body and mind. You need DA for desire and ACh for focus.

(e) showing young how to fly NE (body) + Glu (brain) + DA+ ACh (CNS) + Oxytocin

You need NE & Glu for speed of both body and mind. You need DA to get the birds motivated to spread out and stretch their skills, ACh for cooperation and focusing on nurturing young, and OT for bonding, modeling and empathy.

 

You can also maybe think of other transmitters that might be necessary in these procedures, but these are the main ones.


 

Answers to 'Rules into commands'

 

golden rules

possible commands

If the brain doesn’t get what it needs, the mind won’t do what you want.

IF you don't get what you need, THEN send stress signals

Behave as though it’s happening, and the brain will think it’s happening.

IF something is perceived, THEN assume it's happening

You become more like whatever you are surrounded by

Adapt to better fit in with whatever you are surrounded by

Cells that fire together, wire together

IF cells fire together, THEN wire them together

Know yourself

Initiate feedback-guided self-diagnostic

Always do things in the right order.

Read commands in the order they are presented

 

 

 

 

 

 



Última actualización el Lunes 29 de Mayo de 2017 14:04